Geoeconomic location of the FEZ "Vitebsk".
The Free Economic Zone "Vitebsk" is located in Vitebsk city in the north-east of Belarus. Vitebsk is the significant railway cluster in the north of the republic. There is an airport, which maintains local flights as well as flights to Russia.
Total extent of the Vitebsk region border with neighbouring states is 993, 8 km. with Russian Federation - 575, 8 km. (Pskov region - 341, 8 km., Smolensk region - 234 km). Lithuania - 341, 8 km., Latvia - 165, 8 km.
Well-developed transport network which connects regions of Belarus with north-east and central regions of Russia and with the Baltic States makes the territory of the FEZ "Vitebsk" quite attractive for establishing productions oriented towards export of their products and services to the consumer markets of Russia, Baltic States, Scandinavia and Central Europe.
The network of modern speedways and railways provides easy and fast connection between the regional center and biggest cities of Europe: Minsk - 280 km. Moscow - 550 km., St. Petersburg - 600 km., Warsaw - 800 km, Kiev - 550 km, Vilnius - 360 km, Riga - 500 km, Tallinn - 687 km.
Vitebsk region is crossed by one of the main trans-European routes Crete Corridor No. 9 (Helsinki - Vitebsk - Kiev - Kishinev - Plovdiv).
In the course of expansion of European Union in May 2004 the FEZ "Vitebsk" found itself in close vicinity to E. U outer borders.
Due to its geo-economic location the FEZ "Vitebsk" has a good potential to become a "jumping-off place" for the efficient access to the consumer markets of Russia, Baltic States, Scandinavia.
The existence of highly qualified work force in the region.
Another advantage of the FEZ "Vitebsk" is the existence of highly skilled work force in Vitebsk region.
The system of vocational training and higher education in Vitebsk consists of state and none-state educational establishments.
Traditionally the system of education in Vitebsk specialises on preparation of highly qualified (seamstresses, fashion designers, cutters, industrial engineers) workers for food industry, builders, as well as managers, economists lawyers and foreign languages specialists.
- 3 state and I none-state universities;
- 1 Veterinary academy;
- 5 colleges;
- 14 Vocational-technical schools.
Thus, there is a real possibility to implement new high technologies and modern industrial equipment with comparatively low financial expenses.
The existence of rich raw and natural resources in the region.
The Vitebsk region possesses the following natural raw resources:
Well-developed industrial complex in the region.
- Forests (1754,2 ha);
- Water resources (2,6 cu km a year);
- Mineral resources (dolomite, peat, mineral waters, sands for building services, clays).
The Vitebsk region is on the third place in the republic on the total amount of industrial production.
The main branches of the industrial complex in Vitebsk:
There are all economic preconditions for the establishment of joint-ventures and foreign enterprises. On the current moment more than 140 joint ventures and about 50 foreign enterprises.
- Light industry;
- Machinery and machine-tool construction;
- Electronic industry;
- Wood proceeding;
- Furniture production;
- Food industry.